|This art is a character design for a project that didn't go anywhere.|
How to Become a Comic Strip, Comic Book and Graphic Novel Artist
38. THUMBNAILS - A drawing that can be as small as your thumbnail and no larger than your hand. The main purpose is not drawing, but to quickly get you ideas down on paper. It helps the artist more than anyone else, as the artist is the only one able to decipher the chicken scratch.
39. CMYK - C is cyan, M is magenta, Y is yellow and K stands for key. The cyan, magenta and yellow printing plates are carefully keyed or aligned with the key of a pure black ink, the key plate or keyline color. Full-color images use 4 colors of ink on printing presses . The four inks are placed on the paper in layers of dots that combine to create the illusion of many more colors. Image files must be converted to CMYK color space to print correctly.
40. TIFF - Tagged Image File Format. File format used for bit-mapped images to be printed. Files in TIFF format usually end with a .tif extension.
41. EPS - Encapsulated PostScript. PostScript documents that contain information for more accurate printing. Usually larger in size than a TIFF file because of added information.
42. PDF - Portable Document Format is an open standard file format that looks like original documents and preserve source file information
43. FONT - a complete set of type of one style and size. A specific member of a type family such as roman, boldface or italic type. A font family is typically a group of related fonts which vary only in weight, orientation, width, etc., but not design
44. TYPEFACE - the artistic representation or interpretation of characters; it is the way the type looks. A consistent visual appearance or style which can be a "family" or related set of fonts. A typeface such as Caslon may include roman, bold and italic fonts.
45. DPI/LPI/PPI - DPI (dots per inch) is a measurement of printer resolution. The number of dots per inch that the printer is capable of achieving to form text or graphics on the printed page.
PPI (pixels per inch) is the number of pixels present per inch of display screen. This is for monitors, scanners and digital cameras, even though DPI has been applied inaccurately to refer to screen resolution by laymen and now has fallen into common usage.
LPI (lines per inch) is a measurement related to the way printers reproduce photographic images using a halftone screen. The LPI is dependent on the output device and the type of paper. This term is used only for printing.
46. RESOLUTION - A measure of the sharpness of an image or of the fineness with which a device (such as a video display, printer or scanner) can produce or record such an image usually expressed as the total number or density of dots, pixels or lines in an image. The higher the resolution the better the quality.
The resolution is only going to be as good as the output device. So it's a waste of time creating a 1200 dpi image if it's printing from a 600 dpi printer. The image prints at 600 dpi.
47. NON-REPRO BLUE/NON- PHOTO BLUE - It is a particular shade of blue that can not be detected by graphic arts cameras used for professional printing. However, most scanners will pick up the blue.
48. RGB - R is red, G is green and B is blue. Red, green and blue light is added together to form full color images to be transmitted and displayed on electronic monitors. RGB color space should never be used for printing.
49. JPEG, PNG and GIF - A few of the options and alternatives for the coding of still images for the internet. These are usually 72dpi RGB images and not good to use for print purposes.
Next: The Tools of the Trade
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copyright 2012 H. Simpson